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Also known as: honeymoon-cystitis / bladder infection / uncomplicated urinary tract infection / urinary tract infection / infection of urinary tract / infection of bladder-acute / UTI , an inflammation of the bladder , more common among women (because their urethra is shorter and closer to the anus), usually caused by: a) the baterium Escherichia coli (E. coli) or other bacteria that ascend the urethra from the lower intestine to the bladder , b) by irritation from crystalline deposits in the urine, or: c) triggered by mechanical irritation. SYMPTOMS: Cystitis is not transmitted sexually. Painful or difficult urination , the urge to urinate every few minutes and a burning sensation even though very little urine is passed; urine may be cloudy or bloody. Chronic or recurring cystitis, especially if accompanied by chills, fever, vomiting or pain, is indicative that the infection has spread to the kidneys. TREATMENT: Primarily with antibiotics. Sulfa drugs are commonly prescribed. Very mild symptoms may be self-treated by drinking large quantities of fluids which help flush the urinary tract of bacteria; cranberry juice helps make urine more acid, making the environment less conducive to bacterial growth. If the symptoms do not clear up within 48 hours, see your doctor. PRECAUTIONS: Women can help prevent cystitis by emptying the bladder before and after intercourse and by drinking considerably more water than usual so as to dilute the urine and make-it less hospitable to bacterial growth. It is also recommended to reduce one's intake of coffee, tea and alcohol (they tend to irritate the bladder) and to avoid such irritants as bubble baths, feminine hygiene sprays and scented douches.
See Also: bacterial cystitis, cystitis, dyspareunia, honeymoon bladder, honeymoon cystitis

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